Nagorno Karabakh, or Artsakh, is part of the ancient kingdom of Armenia, the first state to adopt Christianity as its official religion. As the USSR began to collapse in 1988, Azerbaijan tried to destroy Karabakh's Armenian Christian population, leading to a brutal war between Armenia and Azerbaijan. At the end of the war in 1994, Nagorno Karabakh became effectively independent. After Azerbaijan attacked again in September 2020, CSI established relief programs through local partners. CSI provides aid in both Armenia and Nagorno Karabakh.